Pão de açúcar or the Sugar Loaf is the next most visited place in Rio. The mountain resembles a sugar loaf and is thus called so. One takes a cable car to reach the top of the Sugar Loaf Mountain. Ricardo says, "I suggest people trek up to Urca. It is about an hour and is one of the most amazing experiences anyone can experience."
Rio is not only about mountains, it is famous for its beaches as well. Copacabana and Ipanema are among the top urban beaches in the world. Steffens is a German visiting Brazil for the 2016 Rio Olympics. He explained to us how he feels about being in Rio: "Rio has very good beaches. I managed to rent a wonderful sea view apartment in Copacabana. I love to relax in the beach side kiosk listening to samba music. The Copacabana fort that separates Ipanema from Copacabana is a nice place for an evening stroll. Well, I plan to extend my stay in Rio by a couple of weeks."
Rio and Samba
Rio is also the cultural capital of Brazil. The yearly carnival sees top samba schools parade the streets of the Sambadrome competitively for only one to be judged the grand winner. Mangueira Samba School was crowned the winner of 2016 carnival. Samba is one of the typical Brazilian music styles one can hear. Its origin goes back to the colonial times when African slaves brought along their tradition to Brazil. Rio and Samba have always been hand in hand. Samba researcher Marcos Alvit says, "Today, Rio has different types of Samba music like Samba Roots, Samba Carioca, Samba Rock, etc. Samba de Rodada is when the men play the instruments and the women dance. There are versions where couples dance in ball rooms."
Rio's city center is full of culture and history dating back to the colonial times. Rio Scenarium is a cultural pavilion located in the centre of the city. This beautiful three storied colonial building attracts more than two thousand visitors during the weekend. Brazilian music like Samba, Forró, choro, MPB, etc are the only music to be played here.
Capoeira: the martial art-cum-dance
Not only is Rio's music influenced by the African slaves, but also its famous Brazilian martial art-cum-dance called capoeira. When African slaves arrived in Brazil, they realized the need to develop forms of self protection against violence and repression of Brazilian settlers. They were the constant target of violence and punishments of their masters. They were forbidden to practice or train in any kind of fights or martial arts.
Soon, slaves used the rhythm and movements of their African dances, adapting to a kind of fight. Thus came capoeira, a disguised martial art-cum-dance. Capoeira was an important instrument of cultural and physical resistance of the Brazilian slaves. It is still associated with African Brazilian descendants and is practiced in most part of the country with pride.
Rio is also the home of Brazilian cinema and most of the local films, TV soap operas and famous films like City of God, Elite Trop 1 & 2, Hulk 2, Fast & Furious 5, Dhoom 2 etc. have been shot in Rio.
Rio has given to Cariocas (its inhabitants) and the world, its natural beauty, memorable music, a strong heritage and a rich culture. With all this, and the ongoing Olympics, it can indeed be called the touristic and cultural capital of South America.